A Guide to Public Transport in Kingston, Jamaica

You’ve just entered the city at the Norman Manley International Airport, been met by your airport transfer charter and taken to your lodging. Now what. . . . You’ve just come up from ‘country’, wherever that is, to the big bad Kingston. . . . Or, you’ve lived in Kingston all your life but never taken, rarely use or haven’t used public transport recently. . . . Or even used it all your life and just want to read my take on it. A lot of my earlier blog posts feature public transport since I started this blog as a mere walk-foot gal wanting to see Jamaica. Recently, it dawned on me how daunting it must be to use public transport on your own for the first time in Kingston, worse if you stand out due to colour, language etc. For travel to be budget-friendly, one has to master getting around via the cheapest means possible. With that said, let’s learn.

The Basics

I don’t have much with which to compare Kingston’s public transport but my word, isn’t our transportation unique?! For starters, there are 4 main options: JUTC buses, coaster buses, minibuses and route taxis. Robot taxis and depending on where you are in Jamaica, bike taxis also make an appearance. Since you have 4 legal options, let’s start there:

1) JUTC “Yellow” Buses


JUTC stands for Jamaica Urban Transport Company and is a government-run bus company that operates in and around the corporate area of the Kingston, Saint Andrew and Saint Catherine parishes. You may wonder why these buses run in only 3 of our 14 parishes. The road quality and terrain in many of our other parishes are not suitable for these large coaches and due to their smaller population density, it would be uneconomical to operate. Certainly I think they could expand to a few more parishes and routes but for now, it is what it is.

  • What to Expect: If at a depot such as Parade in Downtown, the Half Way Tree Transport Centre, Spanish Town bus park, Papine, Cross Roads etc., find out from passersby which bus is going your route and join the line if one is there already. Often it will just be a bundle. Try not to push & shove when the bus gets there as a few nasty commuters may do. If you’re at a bus stop, put out your arm and hand & flag the bus down to signal the driver that you wish to board. When you wish to come off, press the overhead buzzers to be let off at the next bus stop.
  • Bus Schedule/ Routes: Can be obtained on their website here
  • Fare: $100.00 for adults with cash or bus card, $40.00 for the elderly or disabled with card and $30.00 for children with card. If you fall into one of those concessionary groups but don’t have a JUTC smarter card, you will have to pay the adult fare of $100 until you can obtain one at a bus centre such as the HWT transport centre. Express buses e.g. 50Ex, 75Ax may cost a bit more because they are going for longer distances and have a more predictable schedule. You pay more for the predictability.
  • Who/When to Pay: the bus driver immediately as you board the bus, then collect & keep your ticket for the duration of the bus ride. They only accept local currency and no note greater than the JM$500 bill (i.e. no $1,000 or worse, $5,000 bills please).
  • Number of Passengers they ought to carry: 50 seated and a few more standing.
  • How many they actually carry: 100+ on some routes during peak hour
  • When Unsure Of Your Stop: Tell the driver as you enter where you’d like to get off and he or she will usually alert you when you have reached your destination. We’re friendly like that.
  • Pros: air conditioning, minimal harassment, simply press a buzzer when you want to be let off at the next bus stop rather than shout, safer driving than your other options
  • Cons: being let off at places other than the bus stop isn’t allowed & only up to the driver’s discretion which is annoying when stops are far apart on some routes, schedule is often unpredictable leaving you with very long waits, numerous stops to let off/pick up passengers make travel seem very slow, inadequate buses on some routes

2) Coaster Buses


Coasters are smaller privately owned public buses that often blare loud music & drive recklessly. I’ve found the rural ones to drive better because when you’re going up a steep hillside there’s no (less) room for recklessness. They’re found all over the island unlike JUTC buses and are the largest PPVs in rural areas. They rarely drive off from a depot until they’re full beyond the capacity they were licensed to transport. While it is rare (practically non-existent) that a JUTC bus is stopped by the police, coasters get stopped occasionally.. an annoying interference but necessary precaution in law enforcement.

  • What to Expect: If there’s a crowd waiting on one, rush to get inside. The good seats are limited. If you’re at a bus stop, the bus looks visibly full & the conductor says seats are available or someone is getting off soon and you’ll get their seat, 99.9% of the time it’s a lie. Unless you don’t mind standing, don’t get in. If one is empty & the driver or conductor says “come man. We soon leave,” popular myth no. 2. You will have a long wait until they’re full so either take something else or resolve yourself to sitting & waiting. Wave the bus down to get it to stop (as usual) at a bus stop but to alight, you’ll have to shout above the noise in the bus to say “BUS STOP DRIVER!” Good thing is that they stop anywhere, not just at the bus stops like they really should.
  • Schedules/ Routes: Too variable and lengthy. They go to just about every major town or village.
  • Fare: Varies depending on the length of the route. The most expensive I’ve taken was $450 from Half-Way-Tree to Port Antonio, but just estimate based on how far you’re going and carry extra money. Better safe than sorry.
  • Who/when to Pay: The conductor (rarely it’s a woman and if so, conductress). They usually wear grey shirts with black trousers and stand at the entrance of the bus or just outside it as it loads at a stop. They collect the fares about mid-route and will ask for it when they’re ready. Only local currency accepted and you can use any value note provided the change you’ll get back isn’t unreasonably large. E.g. for a party of 7 en route to Port Antonio, a $5,000 is acceptable
  • Number of Passengers they ought to carry: usually about 27
  • How many they actually carry: 35-38
  • When Unsure Of Your Stop: Ask the conductor. They’re really helpful with that sort of thing and will tell the driver when to stop for you.
  • Pros: operate islandwide
  • Cons: loud music, reckless driving (miraculously they mostly avoid accidents but piss off other motorists and the police), shouting for bus stops, overloading and getting squashed into uncomfortable seated positions especially if you’re tall, a bit of harassment from the conductors to get you into their bus instead of the next guy’s, men can’t sit at the front of this bus near the driver (unspoken rule).

3) Minibuses


The smaller counterpart to the coaster, these are similar in that they can be found islandwide, are privately owned, often drive recklessly & blare loud music. These are notorious for cramped sitting quarters especially when you have all your luggage in your lap. I took one en route to Blue Mountain Peak.

  • What to Expect: See coasters
  • Schedules/ Routes: See coasters
  • Fare: See coasters
  • Who/when to Pay: See coasters
  • Number of Passengers they ought to carry: maximum of 15
  • How many they actually carry: 15-20
  • When Unsure Of Your Stop: See coasters
  • Pros: operate islandwide
  • Cons: Same as for coasters except they’re more likely to meet in accidents than coasters as a general rule.

4) Route Taxis


These are five and seven seater cars, commonly station wagons and Toyota Proboxes. They should bear a red licence plate, a Transport Authority (TA) blue & white windshield sticker, a driver ID card hanging around his rearview mirror and less commonly, a yellow taxi sign on top and Hackney carriage sticker on the front passenger door telling the route and charges. The drivers are mostly male but there’s a welcome refreshing change with a small but increasing population of female cab drivers.

  • What to Expect: These load very quickly and will sometimes drive without meeting their full quota of passengers, hoping to fill up along the route. They’ll let you off virtually anywhere you want, bus stop or otherwise, much to the chagrin of other motorists and the police. Their driving sucks but you’ll more than likely be accident free.
  • Schedules/ Routes: Quite a lot exist but unlicensed routes give robot taxis a niche. They run to Liguanea, Papine, Richmond Park, Three Miles and New Kingston to name a few.
  • Fare: JM$100 per passenger with only visibly young children occasionally getting a “bly” to pay half-price. In some areas and for turn-offs from the main, it’ll cost $150.
  • Who/when to Pay: The driver. He’ll ask when ready to collect or you can pay just as you’re at or near your stop.
  • Number of Passengers they ought to carry: the 5-seater cars are licensed to carry 3 passengers, while the 7-seaters are licenced to carry 6.
  • How many they actually carry: 5-seaters fit 4-6 passengers while 7-seaters carry up to 9. 7-seater cabs are the bane of my existence.
  • When Unsure Of Your Stop: ask your driver or the loadermen. I’ll explain who those are shortly.
  • Pros: Omnipresent except during peak hour, drive quickly, fastest public transport means available. You’ll see a ratio of n 10 route taxis: 1 JUTC bus. Literally.
  • Cons: Personality variation (some are polite; others are downright despicable), lewd music, crammed quarters, reckless driving.

The Not-So-Legal Ones

You may have noticed by now that the 4 legal transport options bear a red plate. That red plate is the mark of all public passenger vehicles (PPV’s). However, there are some guys who try to beat the system and cheat their way out of taxes by using their private white plate cars to run taxis. That’s not fair to the guys who try to earn an honest living and pay their taxes. The illegal ones are called robot taxis, are sometimes not traceable (they’ll use fake plates) and encourage criminal activity. Therefore, where the option exists to use legal red plate taxis, TAKE THEM! There are some routes however where red plate taxis don’t exist. The Transport Authority doesn’t recognize these routes as legitimate but the guys who run robot in these areas provide a much-needed service to residents. Despite my zero-tolerance for robots, I’ve taken them before to places like Cane River Falls and more recently, Gordon Town Falls where no red-plate taxis exist.

Also, deep in the Blue Mountains where the rural villages get sparser and sparser, bike taxis (motorcycles) are the modus operandi. If you’re not willing to take one, you better have a sturdy 4×4 or be willing to foot it. Just ask around in these rural areas. They’ll know to whom to point you. Maybe one day I’ll take one for fun. One of my favourite local bloggers is making me wish I did. 😅

Page 2 covers where to get your public passenger vehicle.

Published by

Rochelle | Adventuresfromelle

Adventures from Elle is a travel blog for locals & visitors who want to experience the best of Jamaica, one adventure at a time. The blog is curated by Rochelle Knight, a junior resident (M.D.) in internal medicine and published author. She began the blog in 2016 as a medical student & wants to see the world, starting with her home country. Purchase her book 'SIGHTSEE JAMAICA' on Amazon and join her in Jamaica!

18 thoughts on “A Guide to Public Transport in Kingston, Jamaica

  1. A very concise piece on transportation for getting around the place from the parish of St Andrew. Transport center in HWT, St Andrew as well as those stands and pickup drop off area. Can’t say Kingston when you are in St Andrew or just add Kingston, St Andrew.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thank you Rochelle …All this transportation information for different parts of Jamaica is very helpful to me. Now I know where to get the Portland bus at Half-Way-Tree near Burger King.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yayy, so glad to be of help! This made my day 🙂 That’s exactly what I wanted this post to be… a guide to seeing other parts of Jamaica from Kingston using public transport. Not having a car need not be a limitation. Hope you get around to Portland soon. Happy travels!


    1. Absolutely, we tryed to go to National Museum by bus from Peter Tosh Museum- no chance. We erred one hour from stop to stop- by feet. But we couldn’t find the right bus. So we decided to go home- by feet. It was a very “hot walk around. 😉 Thank you for the post 🙂


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